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Architectural Significance to Ornamental Choice Architectural Significance to Ornamental Choice 9 September Research This research paper is based on a combination of architecture and sculpture, precisely the gargoyle. The inspiration for topic was grasped from a past production paper question which requested that one create a gargoyle spout inspired by a Caribbean cultural aspect.
This question deeply intrigued me, providing themes for both a sculpture piece and my research paper. We will write a custom essay sample on Architectural Significance to Ornamental Choice or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not Waste HIRE WRITER This paper is seeks to present the transition from which the gargoyle progressed from an architectural figure of meaning and significance into sculpture with more decorative attributes which lost some of its initial importance.
History of the Gargoyle The term gargoyle is most often applied to medieval work, but throughout all ages some means of water diversion, when not conveyed in gutters, was Architecture and environment paper essay. The word gargoyle was said to be derived from the French word, gargouille, meaning throat or pipe.
There are multiple myths and legends to which the origin of the gargoyle is associated. It is believed that fossils of dinosaurs may have spurred the legend of the gargoyle, much the same as the dragon and the griffin. One of the less mundane but more interesting explanations included the French legend concerning St.
He was the former chancellor of Clotaire II, a Merovingian king. It was said that he saved the country from a monster named Gargouille, or Goji, whose appearance was said to be so terrifying, it scared evil spirits away. This was why some relate the gargoyle to protection.
The head was mounted on the walls of a newly built church to ward off evil spirits. Architectural Significance The dictionary defines a gargoyle as a spout, in the form of a grotesque animal or human figure that projects from the gutter of a building and is designed to cast rainwater clear of the building.
Usually the water comes out of the mouth. In architecture a waterspout on a building is a gargoyle. Preventing rainwater from running down masonry walls is important because running water erodes the mortar between the stone blocks. Architects often used multiple gargoyles on buildings to divide the flow of rainwater off the roof to minimize the potential damage from a rainstorm.
A trough is cut in the back of the gargoyle and rainwater typically exits through the open mouth. Gargoyles are usually an elongated fantastic animal because the length of the gargoyle determines how far water is thrown from the wall. When Gothic flying buttresses were used, aqueducts were sometimes cut into the buttress to divert water over the aisle walls.
Gargoyles solely for plumbing uses have been around since the time of the Ancient Greeks, or maybe even before. They became very popular on architecture in medieval times, with resurgence in the Victorian era, and to some extent more recently.
Initially most were made of wood, some made of the more expensive stone, and were generally undecorated, which strongly suggested they were solely for pluming purposes on buildings. As time progressed, more stone ones appeared as did lining some with lead and decoration in the form of carvings of people or animals or grotesque representations.
Such gargoyles are common the more expensive buildings from medieval times, particularly cathedrals and churches, and particularly France, and particularly the Gothic style.
A few plain ones survive on non-religious buildings like the odd castle but rarely compared with religious buildings. Decorative and non-functional relevance A grotesque figure is a sculpture that does not work as a waterspout and serves only an ornamental or artistic function.
Figure [ 4 ]- Chimera Grotesques are often confused with gargoyles, but the distinction is that gargoyles are figures that contain a water spout through the mouth, while grotesques do not. This type of sculpture is also called a chimera.
Used correctly, the term gargoyle refers to mostly eerie figures carved specifically as terminations to spouts which convey water away from the sides of buildings.
In the Middle Ages, the term babewyn was used to refer to both gargoyles and grotesques. Chimeras often served as a warning to people who underestimated the devil. In contemporary society and architecture there is a greater presence of chimeras and grotesques because in most instances gargoyles are no longer used as spouts.To submit your paper for the 3rd edition of the "GU" conference, click here The Green Urbanism Conference was held from October 12 to October 14, , and it covered many important topics.
The program of the conference also included a tour at the MAXXI Museum and a Gala dinner.
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Architecture and the Environment Julie Johnson PSY Environmental Psychology University of Phoenix January Architecture and the Environment “Architecture. Think of the essay as your opportunity to give us a more complete picture of you, in addition to your grades, portfolio, and recommendations.
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By Ann Lui. Reviews: Books. Phyto. Principles and Resources for Site Remediation and Landscape Design. Open Document. Below is an essay on "Architecture And Environment" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.