A scan suggests that the vast majority use this term ironically. They are boasting about their obsession with books and reading. This addiction is a badge of honour, a status symbol. What about real addiction?
Posted on April 8, by Scott Alexander I. I have a huge bias against growth mindset. More on Wikipedia here.
Social psychology has been, um, very enthusiastic about denying that result. If all growth mindset did was continue to deny it, then it would be unexceptional. But growth mindset goes further. People who believe that anyone can succeed if they try hard enough will be successful, well-adjusted, and treat life as a series of challenging adventures.
It is right smack in the middle of a bunch of fields that have all started seeming a little dubious recently. Most of the growth mindset experiments have used priming to get people in an effort-focused or an ability-focused state of mind, but recent priming experiments have famously failed to replicate and cast doubt on the entire field.
And growth mindset has an obvious relationship to stereotype threat, which has also started seeming very shaky recently.
So I have every reason to be both suspicious of and negatively disposed toward growth mindset. Which makes it appalling that the studies are so damn good. Consider Dweck and Muellerone of the key studies in the area. First they did some easy ones and universally succeeded.
The researchers praised them as follows: All children were told that they had performed well on this problem set: You got [number of problems] right. Some children were praised for their ability after the initial positive feedback: This is a nothing intervention, the tiniest ghost of an intervention.
The experiment had previously involved all sorts of complicated directions and tasks, I get the impression they were in the lab for at least a half hour, and the experimental intervention is changing three short words in the middle of a sentence.
Children in the intelligence condition were much less likely to persevere on a difficult task than children in the effort condition 3. This was repeated in a bunch of subsequent studies by the same team among white students, black students, Hispanic students…you probably still get the picture.
Then she gave all of them impossible problems and watched them squirm — or, more formally, tested how long the two groups continued working on them effectively. She found extremely strong results — of the 30 subjects in each group, 11 of the mastery-oriented tried harder after failure, compared to 0 helpless.
This study is really weird.
Either something is really wrong here, or this one little test that separates mastery-oriented from helpless children constantly produces the strongest effects in all of psychology and is never wrong. None of them ever expressed a positive statement about their own progress, while over two-thirds of the children who thought effort was more important did.
And a meta-analysis of all growth mindset studies finds more modest, but still consistent, effects, and only a little bit of publication bias. So — is growth mindset the one concept in psychology which throws up gigantic effect sizes and always works?
Or did Carol Dweck really, honest-to-goodness, make a pact with the Devil in which she offered her eternal soul in exchange for spectacular study results? But here are a few things that predispose me towards the latter explanation.
A warning — I am way out of my league here and post this only hoping it will spark further discussion. The first thing that bothers me is the history. It seems to have grown out of a couple of studies Carol Dweck and a few collaborators did in the seventies.Civil Rights Argumentative Essay About Same Sex Marriage.
This Argumentative essay will discuss the argument of same sex marriage. The contents are: meaning, brief background and thesis statement for the Introduction; for the Body of the discussion is the counter argument; and for the conclusion part: the summary and the restatement of the thesis statement.
Abstract: Many recognize that several behaviors potentially affecting the reward circuitry in human brains lead to a loss of control and other symptoms of addiction in at least some individuals.
Regarding Internet addiction, neuroscientific research supports the assumption that underlying neural processes are similar to substance addiction. A search for “reading addiction” turns up over 80, hits on Google. A scan suggests that the vast majority use this term ironically.
They are boasting about their obsession with books and reading. Computer/Internet Addiction Symptoms, Causes and Effects An Internet or computer addiction is the excessive use of the former or the latter.
The latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) actually includes it as a disorder that needs further study and research. Aristotle: Poetics. The Poetics of Aristotle ( B.C.E.) is a much-disdained book.
So unpoetic a soul as Aristotle's has no business speaking about such a topic, much less telling poets how to . I’m an expert on how technology hijacks our psychological vulnerabilities.
That’s why I spent the last three years as Google’s Design Ethicist caring about how to design things in a way that defends a billion people’s minds from getting hijacked.