Select Page Science and Technology Essay Science is a systematic way which involves observation and experimentation in order to get knowledge and improve skill; whereas, technology is the practical application of science which helps in improving the quality of life.
Scientific American, November 1, Advertisement A competition sponsored in by Scientific American asked for essays on the 10 greatest inventions. Inventions are most salient when we can see the historical changes they cause.
In we might not appreciate the work of Nikola Tesla or Thomas Edison on a daily basis, as we are accustomed to electricity in all its forms, but we are very impressed by the societal changes caused by the Internet and the World Wide Web both of which run on alternating-current electricity, by the way.
A century from now they might be curious as to what all the fuss was about. The answers from thus provide a snapshot of the perceptions of the time.
Scientific American - November 1, Following are excerpts from the first- and second-prize essays, along with a statistical tally of all the entries that were sent in.
The first-prize essay was written by William I. Wyman, who worked in the U. Patent Office in Washington, D. The steam turbine, invented by Charles Parsons in and commercially introduced over the next 10 years. A huge improvement in powering ships, the more far-reaching use of this invention was to drive generators that produced electricity.
Wyman gave the honor specifically to Gottleib Daimler for his engine, arguing: Such success did come with the advent of the Daimler motor, and not before. Entertainment always will be important to people. Systems for transmitting information between people have been around for centuries, perhaps millennia.
Telegraph signals got a speed boost in the U.
Wireless telegraphy as invented by Guglielmo Marconi, later evolving into radio, set information free from wires. It appears on this list for only one reason: It is used to extract gold from ore. The Nikola Tesla induction motor.
The Linotype machine enabled publishers—largely newspapers—to compose text and print it much faster and cheaper. It was an advance as large as the invention of the printing press itself was over the painstaking handwritten scrolls before it.
The electric welding process of Elihu Thomson. In the era of mass production, the electric welding process enabled faster production and construction of better, more intricate machines for that manufacturing process.
The electric welder invented by Elihu Thomson enabled the cheaper production of intricate welded machinery.
Assembled in numbers, they provided an efficient means of driving electrical generators and producing that most useful commodity. Dowe, also of Washington, D.
He divided his inventions into those aiding three broad sectors: Electrical fixation of atmospheric nitrogen. As natural fertilizer sources were depleted during the 19th century, artificial fertilizers enabled the further expansion of agriculture.
Preservation of sugar-producing plants. McMullen of Chicago is credited with the discovery of a method for drying sugar cane and sugar beets for transport. Another success of chemistry. Henry Ford began production of the Model T in and it was quite popular by Charles Duryea made one of the earliest commercially successful petrol-driven vehicles, starting in Cars for personal transportation were an improvement on railways.
Bartlet, who each had a milestone on the road pun intended to successful automobile and bicycle tires. The giant rotary press was quite capable of churning out masses of printed material.
The bottleneck in the chain of production was composing the printing plates. The Linotype and the Monotype dispensed with that bottleneck. The essays sent in were compiled to come up with a master list of inventions that were considered to be the top Here are the rest of the results:/ Advantages of science and technology essay / Advantages of science and technology essay.
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