The emergence of modern Europe, — Economy and society The 16th century was a period of vigorous economic expansion. This expansion in turn played a major role in the many other transformations—social, political, and cultural—of the early modern age. By the population in most areas of Europe was increasing after two centuries of decline or stagnation.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Revolution and the growth of industrial society, — Developments in 19th-century Europe are bounded by two great events.
The French Revolution broke out inand its effects reverberated throughout much of Europe for many decades. World War I began in Its inception resulted from many trends in European society, cultureand diplomacy during the late 19th century.
In between these boundaries—the one opening a new set of trends, the other bringing long-standing tensions to a head—much of modern Europe was defined. Europe during this year span was both united and deeply divided. A number of basic cultural trends, including new literary styles and the spread of science, ran through the entire continent.
European states were increasingly locked in diplomatic interaction, culminating in continentwide alliance systems after At the same time, this was a century of growing nationalismin which individual states jealously protected their identities and indeed established more rigorous border controls than ever before.
Finally, the European continent was to an extent divided between two zones of differential development.
Changes such as the Industrial Revolution and political liberalization spread first and fastest in western Europe—Britain, France, the Low CountriesScandinavia, and, to an extent, Germany and Italy.
Eastern and southern Europe, more rural at the outset of the period, changed more slowly and in somewhat different ways. Europe witnessed important common patterns and increasing interconnections, but these developments must be assessed in terms of nation-state divisions and, even more, of larger regional differences.
Some trends, including the ongoing impact of the French Revolution, ran through virtually the entire 19th century.
Other characteristics, however, had a shorter life span. Some historians prefer to divide 19th-century history into relatively small chunks. Thus, — is defined by the French Revolution and Napoleon; —48 forms a period of reaction and adjustment; —71 is dominated by a new round of revolution and the unifications of the German and Italian nations; and —, an age of imperialism, is shaped by new kinds of political debate and the pressures that culminated in war.
Overriding these important markers, however, a simpler division can also be useful. Between and Europe dealt with the forces of political revolution and the first impact of the Industrial Revolution.
Between and a fuller industrial society emerged, including new forms of states and of diplomatic and military alignments. The midth century, in either formulation, looms as a particularly important point of transition within the extended 19th century.Mar 13, · Which development during the late s and early s caused European nations to become fearful and distrustful of each other?Status: Resolved.
In historical contexts, New Imperialism characterizes a period of colonial expansion by European powers, the United States, and Japan during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The period featured an unprecedented pursuit of overseas territorial acquisitions.
Social change and politics in the early s. A. General social trends in the early s: 1. Accelerated population expansion. all of which contribute to the spread of disease and to social tensions.
3. Changes in rural society in The sense that nations were united by emotional bounds, by the feeling of "common blood.
Changes such as the Industrial Revolution and political liberalization spread first and fastest in western Europe—Britain, France, the Low Countries, Scandinavia, and, to an extent, Germany and Italy. Eastern and southern Europe, more rural at the outset of the period, .
In the late s, people in many parts of the world decided to leave their homes and immigrate to the United States. Fleeing crop failure, land and job shortages, rising taxes, and famine, many came to the U. S. because it was perceived as the land of economic opportunity. Social and Political Impact of the First Phase of the Industrial RevolutionFrom to , the population of England and Wales doubled, from nine million to eighteen million.
During the same period, the proportion of people living in cities rose from 10 percent to 50 percent.