Primarily a tool of tradesmen known as "turners" or "throwers" the term "bodgers" came laterthe lathe was also used by pulley makers, seal makers, wheelwrights, chairmakers, joiners, pewterers, bell founders, and others.
The Lost Tools of Learning Dorothy Sayers That I, whose experience of teaching is extremely limited, should presume to discuss education is a matter, surely, that calls for no apology. It is a kind of behavior to which the present climate of opinion is wholly favorable. Bishops air their opinions about economics; biologists, about metaphysics; inorganic chemists, about theology; the most irrelevant people are appointed to highly technical ministries; and plain, blunt men write to the papers to say that Epstein and Picasso do not know how to draw.
Up to a certain point, and provided the criticisms are made with a reasonable modesty, these activities are commendable. Too much specialization is not a good thing. There is also one excellent reason why the veriest amateur may feel entitled to have an opinion about education. For if we are not all professional teachers, we have all, at some time or another, been taught.
Even if we learnt nothing--perhaps in particular if we learnt nothing--our contribution to the discussion may have a potential value. However, it is in the highest degree improbable that the reforms I propose will ever be carried into effect.
Neither the parents, nor the training colleges, nor the examination boards, nor the boards of governors, nor the ministries of education, would countenance them for a moment.
For they amount to this: Before you dismiss me with the appropriate phrase--reactionary, romantic, mediaevalist, laudator temporis acti praiser of times pastor whatever tag comes first to hand--I will ask you to consider one or two miscellaneous questions that hang about at the back, perhaps, of all our minds, and occasionally pop out to worry us.
When we think about the remarkably early age at which the young men went up to university in, let us say, Tudor times, and thereafter were held fit to assume responsibility for the conduct of their own affairs, are we altogether comfortable about that artificial prolongation of intellectual childhood and adolescence into the years of physical maturity which is so marked in our own day?
To postpone the acceptance of responsibility to a late date brings with it a number of psychological complications which, while they may interest the psychiatrist, are scarcely beneficial either to the individual or to society.
The stock argument in favor of postponing the school-leaving age and prolonging the period of education generally is there is now so much more to learn than there was in the Middle Ages. This is partly true, but not wholly. The modern boy and girl are certainly taught more subjects--but does that always mean that they actually know more?
Has it ever struck you as odd, or unfortunate, that today, when the proportion of literacy throughout Western Europe is higher than it has ever been, people should have become susceptible to the influence of advertisement and mass propaganda to an extent hitherto unheard of and unimagined?
Do you put this down to the mere mechanical fact that the press and the radio and so on have made propaganda much easier to distribute over a wide area?
Or do you sometimes have an uneasy suspicion that the product of modern educational methods is less good than he or she might be at disentangling fact from opinion and the proven from the plausible? Have you ever, in listening to a debate among adult and presumably responsible people, been fretted by the extraordinary inability of the average debater to speak to the question, or to meet and refute the arguments of speakers on the other side?
Or have you ever pondered upon the extremely high incidence of irrelevant matter which crops up at committee meetings, and upon the very great rarity of persons capable of acting as chairmen of committees?Published: Mon, 5 Dec The Medieval Era and the Renaissance period are two of the most well-known time periods of European history.
Despite being intertwined in history, the Medieval and Renaissance periods contain vast differences in European culture from one another.
What is it all about? – it is all about the period, age or era after the fall of Roman Empire and the beginning of “rebirth” or the Rennaisance period. – it is the . Medieval Ages: The Medieval Period Essay - The Medieval Period The Middle Ages, also known as the Medieval Period, was a thousand-year period in European history, including the Romanesque and the Gothic artistic styles.
The short essay ( pages), typed and double-spaced, is an excellent way to demonstrate your ability to condense a great deal of material into what is essentially a compact essay. A short essay is not a research essay and should not be treated as such.
Part 1: About Medieval and Renaissance Lathes. by Thomas Rettie.
The lathe is an ancient tool, dating at least to the Egyptians and, "known and used in Assyria, Greece, the Roman and Byzantine Empires.". In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th kaja-net.com began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of kaja-net.com Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period.